About IJSRD.COM | ISSN : 2321 – 0613 | IMPACT FACTOR : 2.39

International Journal for Scientific Research & Development (IJSRD) is one of the leading e-journals which offers new ideas of current trends in Engineering and Science through published research papers with authentic data and pure knowledge. This online journal in the internet space is made available for all interested research scholars who look forward to showcase and share their work with their peer groups and others working in the same space across the globe. At IJSRD, an exhaustive list of executive board members is available who were invited from a wide range of colleges, universities and research organizations to supervise the content. This online journal has proven to be extremely helpful for scholars and research students who call for research papers in their undergraduate, post graduate and higher levels of education. The original and supreme quality research papers that are uploaded and submitted in IJSRD are aimed at providing an outstanding all-round development to the students and research scholars in the field of Engineering and Technologies.

How to write good research paper with ijsrd

IJSRD Leading E-Journal Found Very Easy Steps to Writing Research paper.

7 Steps to Writing a Great Research Paper

1) Know what your instructor wants you to do.

2) Begin planning the paper as soon as you receive the assignment.

3) Begin the research process well in advance.

4) Don’t delay the writing process.

5) Write in your own words.

6) Read and revise your first draft.

7) Proofread carefully.

For More information about Research visit www.ijsrd.com

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Fuel cell vehicles

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Zero-emission cars that run on hydrogen

Fuel cell” vehicles have been long promised, as they potentially offer several major advantages over electric and hydrocarbon-powered vehicles. However, the technology has only now begun to reach the stage where automotive companies are planning to launch them for consumers. Initial prices are likely to be in the range of $70,000, but should come down significantly as volumes increase within the next couple of years.

Unlike batteries, which must be charged from an external source, fuel cells generate electricity directly, using fuels such as hydrogen or natural gas. In practice, fuel cells and batteries are combined, with the fuel cell generating electricity and the batteries storing this energy until demanded by the motors that drive the vehicle. Fuel cell vehicles are therefore hybrids, and will likely also deploy regenerative braking – a key capability for maximizing efficiency and range.

Unlike battery-powered electric vehicles, fuel cell vehicles behave as any conventionally fuelled vehicle. With a long cruising range – up to 650 km per tank (the fuel is usually compressed hydrogen gas) – a hydrogen fuel refill only takes about three minutes. Hydrogen is clean-burning, producing only water vapour as waste, so fuel cell vehicles burning hydrogen will be zero-emission, an important factor given the need to reduce air pollution.

There are a number of ways to produce hydrogen without generating carbon emissions. Most obviously, renewable sources of electricity from wind and solar sources can be used to electrolyse water – though the overall energy efficiency of this process is likely to be quite low. Hydrogen can also be split from water in high-temperature nuclear reactors or generated from fossil fuels such as coal or natural gas, with the resulting CO2 captured and sequestered rather than released into the atmosphere.

As well as the production of cheap hydrogen on a large scale, a significant challenge is the lack of a hydrogen distribution infrastructure that would be needed to parallel and eventually replace petrol and diesel filling stations. Long distance transport of hydrogen, even in a compressed state, is not considered economically feasible today. However, innovative hydrogen storage techniques, such as organic liquid carriers that do not require high-pressure storage, will soon lower the cost of long-distance transport and ease the risks associated with gas storage and inadvertent release.

Mass-market fuel cell vehicles are an attractive prospect, because they will offer the range and fuelling convenience of today’s diesel and petrol-powered vehicles while providing the benefits of sustainability in personal transportation. Achieving these benefits will, however, require the reliable and economical production of hydrogen from entirely low-carbon sources, and its distribution to a growing fleet of vehicles (expected to number in the many millions within a decade).

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#IJSRD IMAGE PROCESSING CALL FOR PAPER : Special Issue

Best 25 papers will be published online.Participate in this special issue and get a chance to win the Best Paper Award for Image Processing. Also other authors will have special prizes to be won.

Submit Special Issue Manuscript Online

Last Date For Paper Submission of Special Issue : 25th August 2015

ijsrd.com

image processing ijsrd call for paper

What is Image Processing?

Image processing is a method to convert an image into digital form and perform some operations on it, in order to get an enhanced image or to extract some useful information from it. It is a type of signal dispensation in which input is image, like video frame or photograph and output may be image or characteristics associated with that image. Usually Image Processing system includes treating images as two dimensional signals while applying already set signal processing methods to them.

It is among rapidly growing technologies today, with its applications in various aspects of a business. Image Processing forms core research area within engineering and computer science disciplines too.Image processing usually refers to digital image processing, but optical and analog image processing also are possible.

Analog or visual techniques of image processing can be used for the hard copies like printouts and photographs. Image analysts use various fundamentals of interpretation while using these visual techniques. The image processing is not just confined to area that has to be studied but on knowledge of analyst. Association is another important tool in image processing through visual techniques. So analysts apply a combination of personal knowledge and collateral data to image processing.
Digital Processing techniques help in manipulation of the digital images by using computers. As raw data from imaging sensors from satellite platform contains deficiencies. To get over such flaws and to get originality of information, it has to undergo various phases of processing. The three general phases that all types of data have to undergo while using digital technique are Pre- processing, enhancement and display, information extraction.
If you have worked on any part of image processing prepare a research paper and submit to us

Image processing basically includes the following three steps.

Importing the image with optical scanner or by digital photography.The acquisition of images (producing the input image in the first place) is referred to as imaging.
Analyzing and manipulating the image which includes data compression and image enhancement and spotting patterns that are not to human eyes like satellite photographs.
Output is the last stage in which result can be altered image or report that is based on image analysis.

Purpose of Image processing

The purpose of image processing is divided into various groups. They are:

Visualization – Observe the objects that are not visible.
Image sharpening and restoration – To create a better image.
Image retrieval – Seek for the image of interest.
Measurement of pattern – Measures various objects in an image.
Image Recognition – Distinguish the objects in an image.

Applications of Image processing

Image processing has been an important stream of Research for various fields. Some of the application areas of Image processing are….

Intelligent Transportation Systems – E.g. Automatic Number Plate Recognition, Traffic Sign Recognition

Remote Sensing –E.g.Imaging of earth surfaces using multi Spectral Scanners/Cameras, Techniques to interpret captured images etc.

Object Tracking – E.g. Automated Guided Vehicles, Motion based Tracking, Object Recognition
Defense surveillance – E.g. Analysis of Spatial Images, Object Distribution Pattern Analysis of Various wings of defense. Earth Imaging using UAV etc.

Biomedical Imaging & Analysis – E.g. Various Imaging using X- ray, Ultrasound, computer aided tomography (CT) etc. Disease Prediction using acquired images, Digital mammograms.etc.

Automatic Visual Inspection System – E.g.Automatic inspection of incandescent lamp filaments, Automatic surface inspection systems, Faulty component identification etc.

And many other applications…..

To contribute your research work in Image processing please prepare an article on it and submit to us.

#IJSRD Impact Factor

‪#‎IJSRD‬ Achieve New Milestone now…..
Year 2015 Impact Factor is now 2.39
Thanks to All Authors

http://www.generalimpactfactor.com/certificates/certificate.php?jname=International+Journal+for+Scientific+Research+and+Development

#ijsrd Impact Factor: 1.82

IJSRD Achieve New Milestone now…..
Year 2014 Impact Factor is now 1.82
Thanks to All Authors

#IJSRD #New Milestone #Leading E-Journal #India

Thanks 2 all Authors For Making Fastest Growing E-Journal of INDIA.
IJSRD Successfully Completed 24 Issue.
Submission is open For Volume 3 – Issue 1 ,2015
Papers Received – More then 10000
Total Authors- More then 12000
Accepted Papers – More Then 3200